C01 Integrative studies of anthropological, archaeological, and cognitive evidence through 3D database construction and mathematical analyses and modeling
- Principal Investigator
Hisashi Nakao (Anthropology and Philosophy/Anthropological Institute, Nanzan University)
- Project Researcher
- Tomomi Nakagawa (Anthropological Institute, Nanzan University)
- Research Associate
- Ai Takeuchi (Anthropological Institute, Nanzan University)
The aim of this project is to construct a database for sharing and analyzing interdisciplinary data, to mathematically and statistically investigate the spatio-temporal relationship, co-variation, and causal relationship among the data, and finally to build mathematical or theoretical models describing mechanisms of civilizations. In particular, we use geometric morphometrics to analyze 3D data gathered by measuring equipment such as SfM-MVS (Structure from Motion and Multi-view Stereo), laser scanners, and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging). Through such quantitative analyses, we overcome problems frequently found in recent macroscopic comparative analyses of civilizations, i.e., qualitative arguments based on biased information.
We also aim to integrate various kinds of data from other research groups through closely collaborating with the steering committee. Such integration has the potential to reform the research methods of archaeology and anthropology and reveal tendencies and problems not readily apparent through traditional research means.